Obesity At A Glance
Obesity currently affects more than two-thirds (68.7 percent) of American adults and over 12 million children and adolescents.
Obesity is a medical condition that is caused when a persons body fat has accumulated so much that it has a negative effect on that persons health. There can be a few reasons why this is caused but its a direct effect of a poor diet and lack of physical activity.
There are many chronic diseases that stem from obesity including: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease and stroke, hypertension, arthritis, osteoarthritis and obesity-related cancers. Because of this, obesity-related treatment costs are between $147 and $210 billion a year. The majority of the spending is generated from treating obesity-related diseases such as diabetes. Childhood obesity alone is responsible for $14.1 billion in direct costs. It's also important to note that obese people spend 42 percent more on healthcare costs than healthy weight people.
Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. Authorities also view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century.
Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years. Currently there is more than 23 million children and adolescents that are either overweight or obese in America.
Obesity in children (like in adults) is primarily the direct effect of a poor diet and a lack of physical activity. Amongst many reasons a child's diet is Influenced by family members' habits on eating. The marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages in schools can also be a negative influence.
Current studies show that most youths do not meet physical activity guidelines which recommend 60 minutes or more of physical activity per day.
Immediate health effects of obesity is Obese youth are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure. They are also more likely to have prediabetes.